Our coal power operations
Vattenfall operates around 16 large coal fired plants located in Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. These plants have an aggregate capacity of about 12 GW and in 2012 accounted for 39 per cent of Vattenfall's electricity generation and 48 per cent of its heat production.
The electricity produced by Vattenfall in Germany is mainly based on lignite. We own and operate our own lignite mines in Lausitz, eastern Germany. Vattenfall is an important employer in that region, and lignite plays a central role for the region's industries and economic development.
Vattenfall uses hard coal, purchased from subcontractors, in its hard coal-fired plants in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. In 2012, lignite accounted for a total of 55 TWh and hard coal for 14 TWh of Vattenfall's electricity generation. In the same year, we produced 6 TWh of heat using lignite and 10 TWh using hard coal.
Vattenfall is optimising its existing production portfolio and investing to improve efficiency and reduce the CO2 emissions of existing plants.
Strategy to reduce CO2 emissions
Vattenfall's goal is to reduce its CO2 exposure to 65 million tonnes by 2020. This will be achieved by divestments, by replacing hard coal with biomass and by lowering the utilisation rates of older coal fired plants.